In Hungary, chestnut fruit growing did not develop on a large, industrial-sized scale. The only harvests taking place were the gathering of uneven, low fruit-quality produce in ancient scattered areas and parklands, on pastures and in mixed-tree forests. These were, of course, not profitable plantations, since the only farming that occurred was by way of the ax - characteristic of ancient foraging economies. In other words, in very changing populations the low-productivity and low fruit-quality individual trees, sprung from seeds, were cut down.
Most of the chestnut trees (81.3%) are sparsely located. As the number of agricultural plantations increases and this ancient growing technique is eliminated, a decrease is expected in the number of older chestnut stands, as demonstrated by the proportion (81%) of older, mature-age trees in such sparsely populated areas.
Contiguous, larger-area chestnut plantations can exclusively be found in
Transdanubia, of which the most significant ones are located in western Transdanubia, 51% of them in Zala county.
In case of organized plantations, it would be expedient to locate a larger proportion of the plantations in Zala county.